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Metrology

The work aimed at providing the uniformity of measurements in Russia is being carried out on the basis of the law of the Russian Federation "On Assurance of Measurement Uniformity".

   The normative basis of the state system for providing the uniformity of measurements (State System of Measurement (SSM) is a complex of normative documents including state standards and other normative documents specifying the order of transferal of the units sizes throughout the territory of Russia, as well as the order of carrying out the tests, checks and calibrations of measurement instrumentation.

   The Russian national stock of reference standard specimen forms a technical basis for SSM. The Russian stock of reference standard specimens consists of 120 state primary and special standard specimens.

   Federal Agency on Technical Regulating and Metrology controls the activity of the State Metrologic Service, which includes the state research metrologic centers (metrologic research institutes) and bodies of the State Metrologic Service in the territories of entities belonging to the Russian Federation (territorial bodies of standardization, metrology and certification).

   Federal Agency on Technical Regulating and Metrology controls:

  • State Service for Standard Frequency, Time and Determination of Parameters of Rotation of the Earth (GSVCh);
  • State Service for Standard Specimens Relating to Composition and Properties of Substances and Materials (GSSO);
  • State Service for Standard Reference Data on the Physical Constants and Properties of Substances and Materials (GSSSD).

   Federal Agency on Technical Regulating and Metrology carries out the state metrologic control and inspection.

   The state metrologic control includes:

  • the approval of the type of measurement instrumentation;
  • instrument calibration;
  • licensing of the activities of legal entities and individuals relating to manufacture, repair, sale and hiring-out of measurement instrumentation.

   The state metrologic inspection includes the inspection of:

  • manufacture, state and use of measurement instrumentation; the certified methods of measurement; the reference standards of values units; observation of metrologic rules and norms;
  • quantities of goods lost in the course of business;
  • quantities of packed goods contained in all types of packages and the course of the packaging process and sale of the product.

   International cooperation of Federal Agency on Technical Regulating and Metrology is carried out within:

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