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IN RUSSIA WILL BUILD A COMPLEX FOR MONITORING NOISE POLLUTION IN THE SEAS

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MOSCOW REGION, July 10, 2020 – Construction of a unique Russian research complex for hydroacoustic measurements has begun in the Moscow region. Alexey Abramov, Head of Rosstandart, and Sergey Donchenko, General Director
of VNIIFTRI, took part in the groundbreaking ceremony. The complex will be located on the territory of the Institute.

A special multifunctional metrological pool and a complex of high-precision installations will serve to develop technologies in the field of hydroacoustic measurements. Thanks to the equipment developed by VNIIFTRI specialists, the new complex will allow solving current problems of controlling the noise level of domestic vessels and stationary marine objects, as well as developing standards in this area at the international level.

"The issues of limiting the impact of anthropogenic noise on marine life have already reached the international level, including the UN. In Russia, we will have to create a national system of certification of vessels for their noise, so that its results are recognized by all countries whose ports these vessels enter. In this way, we will provide conditions for unhindered international cooperation in the fields of economy, science, technology and international trade. A separate task is to implement continuous monitoring of noise pollution of the sea, especially in the Arctic," Alexey Abramov said.

Today, the problem of noise pollution of the seas is discussed in the framework of the program "Noise from commercial shipping and its impact on marine life", developed by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) at the United Nations, and the Framework Directive on the EU Maritime Strategy (Directive 2008/56/EC) on the need to control noise caused by shipping.

"VNIIFTRI scientists and specialists are actively involved in the development of world standards in the field of noise measurement of civil marine vessels and are ready to offer solutions to new challenges in this field. The new research complex will be equipped with unique equipment developed by our specialists. Special hydroacoustic coating of the pool walls will be able to recreate the conditions of the external environment, which will significantly expand the research corridor, allow for the further development of modern measuring technologies in the field of hydroacoustics and, as a result, successfully solve the problems of controlling the noise of ships and stationary objects on the shelf," said Sergey Donchenko.

For the implementation of the IMO Program and the Framework Directive on the EU Maritime Strategy, it is planned to introduce continuous noise emission control for commercial vessels. This may lead to the introduction of restrictive measures for swimming in environmentally sensitive regions based on the obtained "soundscape" maps. In these conditions, it becomes necessary for Russia to create a domestic system of acoustic control of the civil marine fleet and environmental monitoring. This system will combine the development of noise measurement standards, as well as certification of all vessels for noise standards.

The construction of the new reference complex is planned to be completed in 2023. The first research work will begin in 2024.

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